|Drawing of a Tang Pa, from 'Bing Lu (《兵錄》)'.|
Tang Pa is actually a compound word of Tang (钂, trident) and Pa (鈀, rake), two families of similar polearms, and can be used as a catch-all term to describe all of them. Military Tang Pa used in the Ming army was developed from several types militia polearm/farm implements during the struggle against Wokou (倭寇). This versatile weapon later spreaded to neighbouring countries as well. It is known as Dangpa (당파 or 鐺鈀) by the Koreans and Đinh Ba (釘鈀) or by the Vietnamese.
While Tang Pa can measure up to eight chi in length, it was still considered a short weapon by the Chinese. To make up for its shorter reach, Ming troops armed with Tang Pa were often issued rockets as well. They used the prongs on the Tang Pa as rocket racks to launch rockets.
Yi Pa (易耙)
|Drawing of a Yi Pa, from 'Wu Bei Zhi (《武備志》)'.|
Pa (扒, rake)
|Two Pa, one wooden and one metal (highlighted), from 'San Cai Tu Hui (《三才圖會》)'.|
Qi Ji Guang (戚繼光) greatly disliked the weapon as he considered it completely ineffective against Wokou.
|A Tang (left) and a wooden Pa (right), from 'Wu Bei Zhi (《武備志》)'.|
In modern Chinese martial arts communities, this weapon is known as Chi Yi Yue Ya Tang (齒翼月牙钂, lit. 'Tooth-winged crescent Tang').
Mao Lian Tang (茅鐮钂)
|A Mao Lian Tang (highlighted), from 'Si Zhen San Guan Zhi (《四鎮三關志》)'.|